Our analysis sample is limited to families in which the mother was interviewed at both baseline and year 1 follow-up. They also never have to worry that I will assault them. Child Abuse and Neglect. Our second model adds, in addition to those listed above, controls for mother and family characteristics that may influence the resources and stressors facing this family:
This interview timing variable allows us to take into account variation within each city regarding potential interview delays. Just as you have your views on parenting, I have mine. In her meta-analysis, Gershoff examined whether the effects of spanking on later behavior and mental health were moderated by child age, but she did not examine infants and toddlers separately because so few studies had focused on this age group. I am not against this.